Learning and development: 3 prime areas


Prime areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive. Those three areas are personal, social and emotional development; communication and language and physical development. They develop quickly in response to relationships and experiences, and run through and support learning in all other areas. (Revised EYFS, March 2014).

Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and to develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; to have confidence in their own abilities. (Revised EYFS, March 2014)

Communication and Language

Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations. (Revised EYFS, March 2014)

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their coordination, control and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food. (Revised EYFS, March 2014)

“Children join in all areas of physical play enthusiastically because the childminder plans and organises a stimulating and diverse range of activities. Children benefit from balls, ride on toys and push-along toys at the childminder’s home and larger soft play equipment at the local park and preschool.” Ofsted.